Men’s testosterone levels decrease with age and this has an impact on their sexual function. However, there are also many cases where men have excess testosterone. In medical terms, the two problems above are called hormonal imbalances.
The testes produce testosterone and this is a very important male sex hormone because it is related to male sexual function and development.
During puberty, physical development is much influenced by the hormone testosterone. For example, muscle building, deep voice, and the growth of body hair.
The hormone testosterone affects male sexual function, one of which produces sperm in the body.
In the male testes, there are gonadal glands which one of its functions has a special role in producing testosterone. These glands will experience peak testosterone production in men aged around 18 years.
However, young men and adults can also experience testosterone hormone disorders. Here is a general explanation…
1. Low Testosterone
If age is the main factor, then this is normal. But please note, you will experience serious problems if testosterone deficiency is not treated properly.
Low testosterone production can be caused by many factors, for example, testicular injury. Also, chemotherapy radiation in the treatment of cancer in the genital area
Other causes can come from diseases of the pituitary gland. The use of drugs such as anabolic steroids will affect the performance of these glands. The impact is quite phenomenal, it will disrupt your sexual life, especially in male infertility or fertility problems.
Low testosterone levels in men will affect the intensity of an erection.
Testosterone deficiency sign and symptoms
Periodically, a decrease in male testosterone levels occurs at the age of 30 years. This is normal and generally decreased libido and physical changes are not too significant. However, each individual has different results.
Here are some common signs and symptoms of low testosterone in men:
- Low libido (sex drive)
- Weak erection, lead to erectile dysfunction
- Low sperm pressure or low semen volume
- Physical weakness or fatigue
- Mood swings
- Hair loss and even baldness
- Weight gain due to the body fat accumulation
- Lost muscle mass
- Bone thinning and lead to osteoporosis
To figure out the level of testosterone in the body, it’s important to seek advice from a health care professional or have a male fertility check.
Low testosterone treatments
In most cases, taking testosterone replacement therapy is an easy method of dealing with testosterone hormone problems. Moreover, doctors prescribe testosterone gel. It’s quite easy actually, just apply it to the shoulders and arms
Another option is taking muscle injections. Its function is to boost the process of releasing testosterone into the blood. However, this therapy can not be done in patients with prostate cancer as it has the potential to increase cancer growth.
For men over 40, please make sure to visit the doctor for regular check-ups. On top of that, any suspecting symptoms regarding a hormonal condition should be treated immediately
Low T and Hypogonadism
In medical, hormonal imbalance symptoms in males are known as hypogonadism. A condition in which the gonads (male testes) fail to function properly! In this case as a natural testosterone supplier. Before puberty can affect growth and sexual development. If onset after puberty affects fertility and sex drive
2. High Testosterone
Besides testosterone, men also produce the hormone estrogen. Its function is quite significant to maintain sperm quality, sexual arousal, and fertility. Another factor that causes hormonal disorders in men is high testosterone levels. So, are there any side effects?
a. Acne and Oily skin
The excess hormone causes high levels of dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This has the potential to increase oil sebum production and clog or block facial pores. The buildup of bacteria in the pores can cause acne (inflammation).
b. Hair loss
Hair grows through follicles. High levels of androgens produce the hormone Dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This hormone will bind to certain proteins and further reduce the size of the hair follicles. It also causes delayed hair growth and even causes male pattern baldness.
c. Too many red blood cells and a high hemoglobin count
Another effect of excess testosterone is the level of hemoglobin and red blood cells will also increase. Heart attacks and strokes can occur in elderly men if there is an increase in red blood cells.
To reduce it, it can be done by giving a low dose of testosterone replacement
Normal range of total testosterone in males?
In normal men, there are 300 to 1000 ng and the lowest value is around 270 ng.
This number is very helpful for experts to determine the effectiveness of treatment in each patient. In addition, this hormone test is useful to examine the possibility of other diseases.
Every day, hormone levels can fluctuate. Tests for hormone levels are generally carried out in the morning around 7 to 10. If the results are not normal (even though the patient’s condition is healthy), it is necessary to retest.
How to detect male hormone disorders
Do some simple tests below
- Are you experience loss of libido (low sex drive)?
- Weak erection?
- Decreased physical strength or endurance
- The body feels weak and tired?
- Easily angered and irritated
- A linear decrease in your athletic performance
If you experience any of the above symptoms (especially numbers 1 to 3), then do a test for testosterone levels.